There are "wet" methods and "dry" methods of cleaning your carpets, but for the most part the main forms of cleaning are:
Typically carpet cleaning breaks down mainly into wet and dry methods (3). The main difference being whether or not the method requires water to be forced into the carpeting. Wet methods tend to be much deeper of a cleaning method and for the ultimate in cleaning power, is the prefered technique to use (4). Here's a quick rundown of the different types of wet carpet cleaning available today.Back to top
Also known as steam cleaning or wet cleaning, this method relies on hot water being pressurized into the carpet fiber to get out even the toughest stains. The carpet is shampooed first, and then hot water is forced through the carpet. After sitting for roughly ten or fifteen minutes, the solution is then extracted from the carpet via vacuum. This is the most widely used method for carpet cleaning, as it's straightforward, powerful, and gets out tough stains. Dirt doesn't stand a chance. With that being said, the dry time for this method is particularly long, with some homes vouching for other kinds of cleaning to avoid waiting for their living room to dry (5). With that being said, many experts agree that the only way to get deep cleaning in both commercial and residential carpeting is via this method (6).
Sometimes called the "dry foam" technique, carpet shampooing is basically the same as shampooing your hair, but with carpet fibers instead (7). Essentially the process consists of working in the solution as deep as possible, allowing it to set, and then rinsing the shampoo away with water. It's very, very similar to shampooing your hair, hence the name. This method takes much less time than the hot water extraction process.
This refers to any no moisture or at the least, VLM (very low moisture) process of cleaning the carpets. By their nature, dry carpet cleaning tends to be a more green technology in most cases. Overall dry carpet cleaning is cheaper and easier than alternative methods.Back to top
This unique method uses a certain solution to crystallize soil particles in the carpeting. This is usually done with a brush or advanced cleaning machine. The crystallized soil essentially becomes dust that you can then remove via vacuum. This method is highly recommended for commercial use (8).
Cleaning with an absorbent pad is also called bonnet cleaning. This is a very fast, cheap, and efficient way to clean the surface of your carpeting, but it is not recommended to replace a good deep cleaning (9). First, the carpet is vacuumed. Then, the chemical solution is sprayed on top. Next, the solution stays on for a while to allow the chemicals to do their job. Finally the cleaning towel (which does resemble a bonnet) is used to remove the solution.
Dry cleaning with an absorbent compound is also another method to remove stains in carpet fibers (10). This system is perfect for small stains in a household, as it can be easily scrubbed in using a household brush. Essentially this is for homes with small kids or pets that make a mess on the carpet. Otherwise larger jobs may require some machinery in apply. Simply vacuum it up when done.
Otherwise known as the rotary shampoo method, dry foam is a solvent whipped into a foam, as the name would suggest. The foam is distributed the same way as the rotary shampoo method. This means that the aerator is dispensing the foam horizontally via the rotating brushes (11). Afterwards a vacuum is used to clean up the applicable area.
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